A excretory organ stone will type once substances like atomic number 20, oxalate, cystine, or acid area unit at high levels within the piss. excretory organ Stones may also type if these substances area unit at traditional levels. The substances type crystals, that become anchored within the excretory organ and step by step increase in size, forming a nephrolith. Typically, the stone can move through the tract and is passed out of the body within the piss. A stone could cause pain if it becomes stuck and blocks the flow of piss. giant stones don’t forever expire their own and generally need a procedure or surgery to get rid of them.
Kidney stones (Renal lithiasis) area unit little, exhausting deposits that type within your kidneys. excretory organ stones area unit product of mineral and acid salts. excretory organ stones have several causes. excretory organ stones type once the piss becomes focused, permitting minerals to crystallize and remain. Passing excretory organ stones are often painful. The pain of a nephrolith usually starts in your aspect or back, slightly below your ribs, and moves to your lower abdomen and groin. The pain could modification because the nephrolith moves through your tract. excretory organ stones typically cause no permanent harm. aside from pain medication and drinking variant water, treatment is usually needless. However, treatment could facilitate stop continual excretory organ stones in folks with hyperbolic risk.
Renal calculi area unit stones within the kidneys or ureters that are shaped by precipitation from a substance within the piss. though their composition is usually because of a selected cause, within the majority of cases there’s no identifiable underlying cause. as a result of focused minerals within the piss will crystallize and type exhausting stones, particularly once there’s meagerly fluid within the tract, gentle chronic dehydration could play a neighborhood in stone formation. around seventieth of excretory organ and ureteral stones area unit composed in the main of atomic number 20 salt and/or phosphate. salt is of course gift within the piss as associate outcome of body metabolism. Higher levels of salt within the piss could also be the results of a diet high in acid (rhubarb, foliolate vegetables, coffee). once combined with atomic number 20, salt forms a salt that dissolves poorly. Therefore, associate abnormally high level of salt within the piss encourages stone formation.
The kidney stone is a common disease which is affecting human being since long. In this disease which is affecting human being since long. In this disease, sediment deposits in calyces and pelvis are main manifestations. Sometimes, these stones pass and find within the ureter or the bladder. Most of the stones are formed due to the deposition of calcium oxalate. More than the 90% of the urinary oxalate is of endogenous origin, because oxalate is very poorly absorbed in the intestine. When the concentration of calcium oxalate in the blood raises beyond threshold, it starts crystallization in kidney leading to the formation of a stone and the process is called as urolithiasis. Till today, there is no satisfactory remedy for urolithiasis. Therefore, usually surgery is recommended in modern medicine to remove the stone physically. However, the recurrence of urolithiasis commonly occurs during the later period of life.
In Ayurveda, many drugs have been described for treatment of all types of kidney stones (Shastri, 1981: Gopinath). Therefore, for the present study, Punarnavasav and varunadi kwath have been selected, since these drugs are commonly recommended by the Ayurvedic physician for the treatment of kidney stone patients.
Symptoms vary consistent with the positioning and size of the stone. little stones within the excretory organ could cause no symptoms till they begin to pass down the channel. The ensuing pain (renal colic) is acute, sharp, and intermittent. beginning within the flank, the pain moves toward the groin. The pain could also be thus severe that it causes nausea and inborn reflex. Blood could also be noted within the piss (hematuria).